Bayworld Centre for Research & Education
BCRE

Publications

Marine Biology

2012
  • Plön, S., Albrecht, K. H., Cliff, G., Froneman, P. W. (2012)
    Organ weights of three dolphin species from South Africa-implications for ecological adaptation?
    Journal for Cetacean Research and Management 12(2):265-276.
2011
  • Ambrose, S., Froneman, P.W., Plön, S. (2011)
    Trophic ecology and diet shift of long-beaked common dolphins (Delphinus capensis) incidentally caught in anti-shark nets off KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
    European Research on Cetaceans. Proceedings of the 24th Annual Conference of the European Cetacean Society, Stralsund, Germany, 22-24 March 2010.
  • Melly, B., McGregor, G.K., Plön, S. (2011)
    Zoogeography of the cetaceans in Algoa Bay, South Africa.
    European Research on Cetaceans. Proceedings of the 24th Annual Conference of the European Cetacean Society, Stralsund, Germany, 22-24 March 2010.
2010
  • Biuw, M., Lydersen, C., De Bruyn, P.J.N., Arriola, A., Hofmeyr, G.J.G., Kritzinger, P. and Kovacs, K.M. (2010)
    Long-range migration of a chinstrap penguin from Bouvetøya to Montagu Island (South Sandwich Islands).
    Antarctic Science 22: 157-162.
2009
  • Biuw, M., Krafft, B.A., Hofmeyr, G.J.G., Lydersen, C. and Kovacs, K.M. (2009)
    Time budgets and at-sea behaviour of lactating female Antarctic fur seals (Arctocephalus gazella) at Bouvetøya.
    Marine Ecology Progress Series 385: 271-284.
  • Dicken, M.L and Hosking, S.G. (2009)
    Recreational aspects of the tiger shark diving industry within the Aliwal Shoal Marine Protected Area, South Africa.
    Afr. J. mar. Sci. 31(2), 227-232.
  • Dicken, M.L., Booth, A.J. and Smale, M.J. (2009)
    Factors affecting recapture rates of raggedtooth sharks Carcharias taurus tagged off the east coast of South Africa.
    African Journal of Marine Science, 31 (3): 365–372.
  • Dicken, M.L., Booth, A.J. and Smale, M.J. (2009)
    Factors affecting recapture rates of raggedtooth sharks Carcharias taurus tagged off the east coast of South Africa.
    Afr. J. mar. Sci. 31(3), 365-372.
  • Oosthuizen, W.C., Bester, M.N., De Bruyn, P.J.N. and Hofmeyr, G.J.G. (2009)
    Intra-archipelago moult dispersion of southern elephant seals at the Prince Edward Islands, Southern Ocean.
    African Journal of marine Science 31: 457-462.
  • Singh, L., Downey, N.J., Roberts, M.J., Webber, D.M., Smale, M.J., van den Berg, M., Harding, R.T., Engelbrecht, D.C. and Blows, B.M. (2009)
    Design and calibration of an acoustic telemetry system subject to upwelling events.
    African Journal of Marine Science, 31 (3): 355–366.
2008
  • Bester, M.N., De Clercq, H., Hofmeyr, G.J.G., and De Bruyn, P.J.N. (2008)
    Leucistic southern elephant seal at Marion Island?
    Polar Biology. 31: 255-257.
  • Dicken, M.L. (2008)
    First observations of young of the year and juvenile great white sharks scavenging from a whale carcass.
    Mar. Fresh. Res. 59, 596-602.
  • Dicken, M.L., Booth, A.J. and Smale, M.J. (2008)
    Estimates of juvenile and adult raggedtooth shark (Carcharias taurus) abundance along the east coast of South Africa.
    Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 65, 621-632.
  • Dicken, M.L., Booth, A.J. and Smale, M.J. (2008)
    Estimates of juvenile and adult raggedtooth shark (Carcharias taurus) abundance along the east coast of South Africa.
    Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 65: 621-632.
  • Hofmeyr, G.J.G. and Bester, M.N. (2008)
    Subantarctic Islands.
    In: Encyclopaedia of Tourism and Recreation in Marine Environments (ed Lück, M.), CABI, Wallingford. Pages 456-457.
  • Mulaudzi, T.W., Hofmeyr, G.J.G., Bester, M.N., Kirkman, S.P., Pistorius, P.A., Jonker, F.C., Makhado, A.B., Owen, J.H. and Grimbeek, R.J. (2008)
    Haulout site selection of southern elephant seals at Marion Island.
    African Zoology 43: 25-33.
  • Pistorius, P.A., Bester, M.N., Hofmeyr, G.J.G., Kirkman, S.P. and Taylor, F.E. (2008)
    Seasonal survival and the relative cost of first reproduction in adult female southern elephants.
    Journal of Mammalogy 89: 567-574.
  • Pistorius, P.A., Taylor, F.E., Bester, M.N., Hofmeyr, G.J.G. and Kirkman, S.P. (2008)
    Evidence for density dependent population regulation in southern elephant seals in the southern Indian Ocean.
    African Zoology 43: 75-80.
  • Plön, S. (2008)
    Dwarf Sperm Whale (Kogia sima)
    S. Van Dyck & R. Strahan (eds) The Mammals of Australia. Reed Books, Sydney. p 813-814.
  • Plön, S. (2008)
    Pygmy Sperm Whale (Kogia breviceps).
    S. Van Dyck & R. Strahan (eds) The Mammals of Australia. Reed Books, Sydney. p 811-812.
  • Setsaas, T.H., Bester, M.N., Van Niekerk, J.H., Roux, J.P. and Hofmeyr, G.J.G. (2008)
    Dispersion during the moult haulout of southern elephant seals at the Courbet Peninsula, Iles Kerguelen.
    Polar Biology. 31: 249-253.
2007
  • Bester, M.N. & Hofmeyr, G.J.G. (2007)
    Ross Seal.
    In: Encyclopaedia of the Antarctic, (ed Riffenburgh, B), Taylor & Francis Books Inc., New York. Pages 815-816.
  • Bester, M.N. & Hofmeyr, G.J.G. (2007)
    Seals: Overview.
    In: Encyclopaedia of the Antarctic, (ed Riffenburgh, B), Taylor & Francis Books Inc., New York. Pages 877-881.
  • Dicken, M.L., Booth, A.J., Smale, M.J. and Cliff, G. (2007)
    Spatial and seasonal distribution patterns of juvenile and adult raggedtooth sharks (Carcharias taurus) tagged off the east coast of South Africa.
    Marine and Freshwater Research 58: 127-134.
  • Dicken, M.L., Smale, M.J. and Booth, A.J. (2007)
    Spatial and seasonal distribution patterns of juvenile and adult raggedtooth sharks (Carcharias taurus) tagged off the east cost of South Africa.
    Mar. Fresh. Res. 58, 127-134.
  • Hofmeyr, G.J.G., Bester, M.N., Pistorius, P.A., Mulaudzi, T.W., De Bruyn, P.J.N., Ramunasi, A.J., Tshithabane, N.H. McIntyre, T., Radzilani, P.M. (2007)
    Pup mortality and sex ratio, and median pupping date of fur seals at Marion Island.
    South African Journal of Wildlife Research. 37:1-8.
  • Plön, S., Bernard, R.T.F. (2007)
    Chapter 8: Testis, spermatogenesis and testicular cycles.
    B. G. M. Jamieson and D. Miller (eds) Reproductive Biology and Phylogeny of Cetacea-Whales, Dolphins and Porpoises. Science Publishers, Inc., Enfield. p.215-244.
  • Plön, S., Bernard, R.T.F. (2007)
    Chapter 5: Anatomy with particular reference to the female.
    B. G. M. Jamieson and D. Miller (eds) Reproductive Biology and Phylogeny of Cetacea-Whales, Dolphins and Porpoises. Science Publishers, Inc., Enfield. p.147-169.
2006
  • Bester, M.N., Hofmeyr, G.J.G., Kirkman, S.P., Chauke, L.F., De Bruyn, P.J.N., Ferreira, S.M., Makhado, A.B., Maswine, T.A.M., McIntyre, T., Mulaudzi, T.W., Munyai, F.M., Pistorius, P.A., Radzilani, P.M., Ramunasi, A.J., Tshithabane, N.H. and Wilkinson, I.S. (2006)
    The leopard seal at Marion Island, vagrant or seasonal transient?
    South African Journal of Wildlife Research 36: 195-198.
  • Bester, M.N., Wilson, J.W., Burle, M-H. and Hofmeyr, G.J.G. (2006)
    Population trend of Subantarctic fur seals at Gough Island.
    South African Journal of Wildlife Research 36: 191-194.
  • De Bruyn, P.J.N., Hofmeyr, G.J.G., and De Villiers, M.S. (2006)
    First record of a vagrant Commerson’s dolphin, Cephalorhynchus commersonii, at the southern African continental shelf.
    African Zoology. 14: 131-133.
  • Dicken, M.L., Booth, A.J. and Smale, M.J. (2006)
    Preliminary observations of tag shedding, tag reporting,tag wounds, and tag biofouling for taggedtooth sharks (Carcharias taurus) tagged off the east coast of South Africa.
    ICES J. Mar. Sci. 63: 1640-1648.
  • Dicken, M.L., Booth, A.J. and Smale, M.J. (2006)
    Preliminary observations of tag shedding, tag reporting, tag wounds and tag biofouling for raggedtooth sharks (Carcharias taurus) tagged off the east coast of South Africa.
    ICES J. Mar. Sci 63, 1640-1648.
  • Dicken, M.L., Smale, M.J. and Booth, A.J. (2006)
    Shark fishing effort and catch of ragged-tooth shark Carcharias taurus in the South African competitive shore-angling fishery.
    A. J. mar. Sci. (3):589-601.
  • Dicken, M.L., Smale, M.J. and Booth, A.J. (2006)
    Spatial and seasonal distribution patterns of the ragged-tooth shark Carcharias taurus along the coast of South Africa.
    A. J. mar. Sci. 28(3): 603-616.
  • Heemstra, P.C., Fricke, H., Hissmann, K., Schauer, J., Smale, M.J. and Sink, K. (2006)
    Fishes of the deep demersal habitat at Ngazidja (Grand Comoro) Island, Western Indian Ocean.
    S. Afr. J. Sci. 102: 444-460.
  • Heemstra, P.C., Hissmann, K., Fricke, H., Smale, M.J. and Schauer, J. (2006)
    Interactions of fishes with particular reference to coelacanths in the canyons at Sodwana Bay and the St Lucia Marine Protected Area of South Africa.
    S. Afr. J. Sci. 102: 441-465.
  • Hofmeyr, G.J.G., Bester, M.N. and Kirkman, S.P. (2006)
    Vagrant Subantarctic fur seals at Bouvetøya.
    African Zoology. 41: 145-146.
  • Hofmeyr, G.J.G., Bester, M.N., Kirkman, S.P., Lydersen, C. and Kovacs, K.M. (2006)
    Entanglement of Antarctic fur seals at Bouvetøya, Southern Ocean.
    Marine Pollution Bulletin. 52: 1077-1080.
  • Hofmeyr, G.J.G., Bester, M.N., Makhado, A.B. and Pistorius, P.A. (2006)
    Population changes of Subantarctic and Antarctic fur seals at Marion Island.
    South African Journal of Wildlife Research. 36: 55-68.
  • Plön, S., Bernard, R.T.F. (2006)
    A review of sperm morphology in Cetacea with new data for the genus Kogia.
    Journal of Zoology 269:466-473.
  • Dicken, M.L., Smale, M.J. and Booth, A.J. (2006a.)
    Shark fishing effort and catch of the raggedtooth shark (Carcharias taurus) in the South African competitive shore angling fishery.
    Afr. J. mar. Sci. 28(3), 589-601.
  • Dicken, M.L., Smale, M.J. and Booth, A.J. (2006b.)
    Spatial and seasonal distribution patterns of the raggedtooth shark (Carcharias taurus) along the coast of South Africa.
    Afr. J. mar. Sci. 28(3), 603-616.
2005
  • Bester, M.N. and Hofmeyr, G.J.G. (2005)
    Numbers of elephant seals at Prince Edward Island, Southern Ocean.
    South African Journal of Wildlife Research. 35: 85-88.
  • De Bruyn, P., Dudley, S.F.J., Cliff, G. and Smale, M.J. (2005)
    Sharks caught in the protective gill nets off KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. 11. The scalloped hammerhead shark Sphyrna lewini (Griffith and Smith).
    Afr. J. mar. Sci. 27(3): 217-528.
  • Dudley, S.F.J., Cliff, G., Zungu, M.P. and Smale, M.J. (2005)
    Sharks caught in the protective gill nets off KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. 10. The dusky shark, Carcharhinus obscurus (Lesuer 1818).
    Afr. J. mar. Sci. 27(1): 107-127.
  • Hofmeyr, G.J.G., Bester, M.N. and Kirkman, S.P. (2005)
    Leucistic Antarctic fur seals at Bouvetøya.
    Polar Biology. 28: 77-79.
  • Hofmeyr, G.J.G., Krafft, B.A., Kirkman, S.P., Bester, M.N., Lydersen, C. and Kovacs, K.M. (2005)
    Population changes of Antarctic fur seals at Nyrøysa, Bouvetøya.
    Polar Biology. 28: 725-731.
  • Smale, M.J. (2005)
    The diet of the ragged-tooth shark Carcharias taurus Rafinesque 1810 in the Eastern Cape, South Africa.
    Afr. J. mar. Sci. 27(1): 331-335.
2004
  • Cochrane, K.L., Augustyn, C.J., Cockcroft, A.C., David, J.M., Griffiths, M.H., Groeneveld, J.C., Lipinski, M.R., Smale, M.J., Smith, C.D. and Tarr, R.J.Q. (2004)
    An ecosystem approach to fisheries in the southern Benguela contest.
    A. J. mar. Sci. 26: 9-35.
  • Heemstra, E., Heemstra, P., Smale, M., Hooper, T. and Pelicier, D. (2004)
    Preliminary checklist of coastal fishes from the Mauritian island of Rodrigues.
    J. Nat. Hist. 38, 331-3344.
  • Hofmeyr, G.J.G. (2004)
    Marion Island: Conservation.
    Annual Report to the Department of Environmental Affairs & Tourism, Pretoria, South Africa. 56pp.
  • Hofmeyr, G.J.G. and Munyai, F.M. (2004)
    Marion Island: Marine Mammal Programme.
    Annual Report to the Department of Environmental Affairs & Tourism, Pretoria, South Africa. 29pp.
  • Kirkman, S.P., Bester, M.N., Hofmeyr, G.J.G., Jonker, F.C., Pistorius, P.A., Owen, R. and Strydom, N. (2004)
    Variation in the timing of the breeding haulout of female southern elephant seals at Marion Island.
    Australian Journal of Zoology. 52: 379-388.
2003
  • Kirkman, S.P., Bester, M.N., Pistorius, P.A., Hofmeyr, G.J.G., Jonker, F.C., Owen, R. and Strydom, N. (2003)
    Variation in the timing of the moult of southern elephant seals at Marion Island.
    South African Journal of Wildlife Research. 33: 79-84.
  • Kirkwood, R., Boren, L., Shaughnessy, P., Szteren, D., Mawson, P., Hückstädt, L., Hofmeyr, G., Oosthuizen, H., Campagna, C. and Berris, M. (2003)
    Pinniped-focused tourism in the Southern Hemisphere: a review of the industry.
    In Marine mammals: Fisheries, Tourism and Management Issues (ed Gales, N., Hindell, M. & Kirkwood, R.), CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne. Pages 257-276.
  • Oosthuizen, A. and Smale, M.J. (2003)
    Population biology of Octopus vulgaris on the temperate south-eastern coast of South Africa.
    J. Mar. Biol. Ass. UK. 83: 535-541.
2002
  • Hanlon, R.T., Smale, M.J. and Sauer. W.H.H. (2002)
    The mating system of the squid, Loligo vulgaris reynaudii (Cephalopoda, Mollusca) off South Africa: Fighting, guarding, sneaking, mating and egg laying behavior.
    Bull. Mar. Sci. 71: 331-345.
  • Hofmeyr, G.J.G. and Bester, M.N. (2002)
    Entanglement of pinnipeds at Marion Island.
    South African Journal of marine Science 24: 383-386.
  • Hofmeyr, G.J.G. and Bester, M.N. (2002)
    Pinniped research at Bouvetøya, 2001/02.
    Final contract report for the Norwegian Polar Institute. Mammal Research Institute, Pretoria, South Africa. 33pp.
  • Hofmeyr, G.J.G., De Maine, M., Bester, M.N., Kirkman, S.P., Pistorius, P.A. and Makhado, A.B. (2002)
    Entanglement of pinnipeds at Marion Island, Southern Ocean, 1991-2001.
    Australian Mammalogy 24: 141-146.
  • Kirkman, S.P., Bester, M.N., Hofmeyr, G.J.G., Pistorius, P.A. and Makhado, A.B. (2002)
    Pup growth and maternal attendance patterns in Subantarctic fur seals.
    African Zoology 37: 13-19.
  • Krafft, B.A., Hofmeyr, G.J.G., Keith, D.G., Harck, B.I.B. and Kovacs, K.M. (2002)
    Studies of Seals and Seabirds on Bouvetøya 2000/01 - Field-Work and Preliminary Results.
    Rapportserie, Norsk Polarintitutt, no. 120.
  • Roux, J-P., Kirkman, S.P., Hofmeyr, G.J.G., Mukapuli, N.A. and Kirchner, C. (2002)
    The Namibian fur seal (Arctocephalus pusillus pusillus) research, data and analysis.
    Unpublished report (BEN/DEC02/NS/1A). BENEFIT Stock Assessment Workshop. December 2002, Cape Town, South Africa. 31 pp.
  • Smale, M.J. (2002)
    Occurrence of Carcharias taurus in nursery areas of the Eastern and Western Cape, South Africa.
    Mar. Freshwater Res.53: 551-556.
  • Smale, M.J., Compagno, L.J.V., and Human, B.A. (2002)
    First megamouth shark from the western Indian Ocean.
    South African Journal of Science 98: 349-350.
2001
  • Bester, M.N., Hofmeyr, G.J.G., Kirkman, S.P., Pistorius, P.A., Makhado, A.B. and DeMaine, M. (2001)
    Monitoring of pinniped populations at the Prince Edward Islands.
    Final Project Report to SACAR & Department of Environmental Affairs & Tourism, South Africa. 20pp.
  • Hofmeyr, G.J.G. and Bester, M.N. (2001)
    Pinniped and seabird research at Bouvetøya, 2000/01.
    Final contract report for the Norwegian Polar Institute. Mammal Research Institute, Pretoria, South Africa. 51pp.
  • Kirkman, S.P., Bester, M.N., Pistorius, P.A., Hofmeyr, G.J.G., Owen, R. and Mecenero, S. (2001)
    Participation in winter haulout by southern elephant seals, Mirounga leonina.
    Antarctic Science 13: 380-384.
  • Kirkman, S.P., Hofmeyr, G.J.G., Bester, M.N. and Isaksen, K. (2001)
    Counts of southern elephant seals, Mirounga leonina, at Bouvet Island.
    Polar Biology 24: 62-65.
  • Smale, M.J., Sauer, W.H.H. and Roberts, M.J. (2001)
    Behavioural interactions between predators and spawning chokka squid off South Africa: Towards quantification.
    Mar. Biol..139: 1095-1105.
  • Voegeli, F.A., Smale, M.J., Webber, D.M., Andrade, Y. and O'dor, R.K. (2001)
    Ultrasonic telemetry, tracking and automated monitoring technology for sharks.
    In: The behaviour and sensory biology of elasmobranch fishes: an anthology in memory of Donald Richard Nelson. Eds. Tricas, T.C. and Gruber, S.H.. Environmental Biology of Fishes 60: 267-281.
  • Webber, D.M., Boutilier, R.G., Kerr, S.R. and Smale, M.J. (2001)
    Caudal differential pressure as a predictor of swimming speed of cod (Gadus morhua).
    J. Exper. Biol. 204: 3561-3570.
2000
  • Cliff, G, Compagno, L.J.V., Smale, M.J., Van Der Elst, R.P. and Wintner, S.P. (2000)
    First records of white sharks, Carcharodon carcharias, from Mauritius, Zanzibar, Madagascar and Kenya.
    South African Journal of Science 96: 365-367.
  • Wynen, L.P., Goldsworthy, S.D., Guinet, C., Bester, M.N., Boyd, I.L., Gjertz, I., Hofmeyr, G.J.G., White, R.W.G. and Slade, R.W. (2000)
    Post sealing genetic variation and population structure of two species of fur seals (Arctocephalus gazella and A. tropicalis).
    Molecular Ecology 9: 299-314.
1999
  • Smale, M.J. and Goosen, A.J.J. (1999)
    Reproduction and feeding of spotted gully shark, Triakis megalopterus, off the Eastern Cape, South Africa.
    Fishery Bulletin 97: 987-998.
  • Watson, G. and Smale, M.J. (1999)
    Age and growth of the shortnose spiny dogfish Squalus megalops form the Agulhas Bank, South Africa.
    S. Afr. J. mar. Sci. 21: 9-18.
1998
  • Klages, N.T.W., Hofmeyr, G.J.G. and Gjertz, I. (1998)
    Prey of Antarctic fur seals at Bouvet Island, Southern Ocean.
    Polar Record. 35: 255-257.
  • O’dor, R.K., Arande, Y., Webber, D.M., Sauer, W.H.H., Roberts, M.J., Smale, M.J. and Voegeli, F.M. (1998)
    Applications and performance of radio-acoustic positioning and telemetry (RAPT) systems.
    Hydrobiologia 371/372: 1-8.
  • Smale, M.J. and Cliff, G. (1998)
    Cephalopods in the diets of four sharks pecies (Galeocerdo cuvier, Sphyrna lewini, S. zygaena and S. mokarran) from KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
    In: Cephalopod Biodiversity, Ecology and Evolution Eds. Payne, A.I.L., Lipinski, M.R., Clarke, M.R. and Roeleveld, M.A.C.: S. Afr. J. mar. Sci 20: 241-253.
  • Watson, G. and Smale, M.J. (1998)
    Reproductive biology of shortnose spiny dogfish, Squalus megalops, from the Agulhas Bank, South Africa.
    Mar. freshwater Res. 49: 695-703.
1997
  • Beckley, L.E., Cliff, G.M., Smale, M.J. and Compagno L.J.V. (1997)
    Recent strandings and sightings of whale sharks in South Africa.
    Environmental Biology of Fishes 50: 343-348.
  • Goosen, A.J.J. and Smale, M.J. (1997)
    A preliminary study of age and growth of the smooth-hound shark Mustelus mustelus (Triakidae).
    S. Afr. J. mar. Sci. 18: 85-91.
  • Hensley, D.A. and Smale, M.J. (1997)
    A new species of flatfish genus Chascanopsetta (Pleronectiformes: Bothidae), from the coasts of Kenya and Somalia with comments on C. lugubris.
    Spec. Publ. J.L.B. Smith Inst. Ich. 59:1-16.
  • Hofmeyr, G.J.G., Bester, M.N. and Jonker, F.C. (1997)
    Changes in population sizes and distribution of fur seals at Marion Island.
    Polar Biology 17: 150-158.
  • Isaksen, K., Hofmeyr, G.J.G., Dyer, B.M., Huyser, O.A.W. and Næstvold, A. (1997)
    Studies of seabirds and seals at Bouvetøya 1996/97.
    In: Meddelelser No. 148: Report of the Norwegian Antarctic Research Expedition 1996/97. J-G Winther (ed.), Norsk Polarinstitutt, Oslo, Norway.
  • Isaksen, K., Hofmeyr, G.J.G., Dyer, B.M., Næstvold, A., Mehlum, F., Gjertz, I., Bakken, V. and Huyser, O.A.W. (1997)
    Preliminary results from CEMP-monitoring of Antarctic fur seals, chinstrap penguins and macaroni penguins at Bouvetøya 1996/97.
    Report of the Working Group on Ecosystem Monitoring and Management, Document WG-EMM-97/20, San Diego, USA, 21-31 July 1991, Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources, Hobart, Australia. 26pp.
  • Sauer, W.H.H., Roberts, M.J., Lipinski, M.R., Smale, M.J., Hanlon, R.T. Webber, D.M. and O’dor, R.K. (1997)
    Choreography of the squid’s “nuptial dance”.
    Biol. Bull. 192: 203-207.
  • Smale, M.J. and Compagno, L.J.V. (1997)
    Life history and diet of two southern African houndsharks, Mustelus mustelus (Linnaeus, 1758) an Mustelus palumbes Smith,1957 (Pisces:Triakidae).
    S. Afr. J. mar. Sci. 18: 229-248.
  • Smale, M.J. and Heemstra, P.C. (1997)
    First record of albinism in the great white shark, Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758).
    S. Afr. J. Sci. 93: 243-245.
1996
  • Smale, M.J. (1996)
    Cephalopods as prey: IV. Fishes. In Role of Cephalopods in the world's oceans. Ed. M.R. Clarke.
    Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B. 351: 1067-1081.
1995
  • Hofmeyr, G.J.G. and Bester, M.N. (1995)
    Entanglement of pinnipeds at Marion Island.
    Report of the Fourteenth Meeting of the Scientific Committee of the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources, Document SC-CCAMLR XIV/BG/17, Hobart Australia, 23-27 October 1995, Committee for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources, Hobart, Australia. 5pp.
  • Smale, M.J., Sauer, W.H.H. and Hanlon, R.T. (1995)
    Attempted ambush predation on spawning squids Loligo vulgaris reynaudii by benthic pyjama sharks Poroderma africanum off South Africa.
    J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 75: 739-742.
  • Smale, M.J., Watson, G. and Hecht, T. (1995)
    Otolith atlas of southern African marine fishes.
    Ichthyological Monographs. J.L.B., Smith Inst. Ichthyol. 1: i-xiv, 253 pp., 149 plates.
1994
  • Hanlon, R.T., Smale, M.J. and Sauer, W.H.H. (1994)
    An ethogram of body patterning behaviour in the squid Loligo vulgaris reynaudii on spawning grounds in South Africa.
    Biol. Bull. 187: 363-372.
  • Hofmeyr, G.J.G. and Bester, M.N. (1994)
    Predation of king penguins by Antarctic fur seals.
    South African Journal of Antarctic Research 23: 71-74.
  • Japp, D.W., Sims, P. and Smale, M.J. (1994)
    A review of the fish resources of the Agulhas Bank.
    S. Afr. J. Sci. 90: 123-134.
  • Smale, M.J., Klages, N.T., David, J.H.M. and Cockcroft, V.G. (1994)
    Predators of the Agulhas Bank.
    S. Afr. J. Sci. 90: 135-142.
1993
  • Oldewage, W.H. and Smale, M.J. (1993)
    Occurrence of piscine parasitic copepods (Crustacea) on sharks taken mainly off Cape Recife, South Africa.
    S. Afr. J. mar. Sci. 13: 309-312.
  • Sauer, W.H. and Smale, M.J. (1993)
    Spawning behaviour of Loligo vulgaris reynaudii in shallow coastal waters of the South-Eastern Cape, South Africa.
    In: Recent Advances in Cephalopod Fisheries Biology. Okutani, T., O'Dor, R.K. and Kubodera, T. (Eds). Tokai University Press, Tokyo: 489-498.
  • Sauer, W.H.H., Mccarthy, C., Smale, M.J. and Koorts A.S. (1993)
    An investigation of the egg distribution of the chokka squid, Loligo vulgaris reynaudii, in Krom Bay, South Africa.
    Bull. Mar. Sci. 53: 1006-1077.
  • Smale, M.J. (1993)
    Fish communities, food webs and fisheries of the Cape south coast. (Eds.) Beckley, L.E. and van der Elst, R.P. Proceedings of the Second South African Marine Linefish Symposium, Durban. 23-24 October 1992.
    Oceanographic Research Institute Special Publication (2): 143-149.
  • Smale, M.J., Clarke, M.R., Klages, N.T. and Roeleveld, M.A.C. (1993)
    Octopod beak identification - resolution at a regional level (Cephalopoda, Octopoda: Southern Africa).
    S. Afr. J. mar. Sci. 13: 269-293.
  • Smale, M.J., Roel, B.A., Badenhorst, A.O. and Field, J.G. (1993)
    Analysis of the demersal community of fish and cephalopods on the Agulhas Bank, South Africa.
    J. Fish Biol. 43 (Supplement A): 169-191.
1992
  • Sauer, W.H., Smale, M.J. and Lipinski, M.R. (1992)
    The location of spawning grounds, spawning and schooling behaviour of the squid Loligo vulgaris reynaudii (Cephalopoda: Myopsida) off the Eastern Cape Coast, South Africa.
    Marine Biology 114: 97-107.
  • Smale, M.J. (1992)
    Predatory fishes and their prey - An overview of trophic interactions in the fish communities of the west and south coasts of South Africa.
    In: Benguela Trophic Functioning Payne, A.I.L., Brink, K.H., Mann, K.H. and Hilborn, R. (Eds). S. Afr. J. mar. Sci. 12: 803-821.
  • Smale, M.J. and Cowley, P.D. (1992)
    The feeding ecology of skates (Batoidea: Rajidae) off the Cape south coast, South Africa.
    In: Benguela Trophic Functioning Payne, A.I.L., Brink, K.H., Mann, K.H. and Hilborn. R. (Eds). S. Afr. J. mar. Sci. 12: 823-834.
1991
  • Badenhorst, A. and Smale, M.J. (1991)
    The distribution and abundance of seven commercial trawlfish from the Cape south coast of South Africa.
    S. Afr. J. mar. Sci. 11: 377-393.
  • Jackson, L.F., Smale, M.J. and Berry, P.F. (1991)
    Ghost crabs of the genus Ocypode (Decopoda, Brachyura, Ocypodidae) of the east coast of South Africa.
    Crustaceana: 61: 280-286.
  • Meyer, M. and Smale, M.J. (1991)
    Predation patterns of demersal teleosts from the Cape south and west coasts of South Africa. 2. Benthic and epibenthic predators.
    S. Afr. J. mar Sci. 11: 409-442.
  • Meyer, M. and Smale, M.J. (1991)
    Predation of demersal teleosts from the Cape south and west coasts of South Africa. 1. Pelagic predators.
    S. Afr. J. mar. Sci. 10: 173-191.
  • Sauer, W.H. and Smale, M.J. (1991)
    Predation patterns on the inshore spawning grounds of the squid Loligo vulgaris reynaudii (Cephalopoda: Loliginidae) off the south-eastern Cape, South Africa.
    S. Afr. J. mar. Sci. 11: 513-523.
  • Smale, M.J. (1991)
    Occurrence and feeding of three shark species, Carcharhinus brachyurus, C. obscurus and Sphyrna zygaena, on the eastern Cape coast of South Africa.
    S. Afr. J. mar. Sci. 11: 31-42.
  • Smale, M.J. and Badenhorst, A. (1991)
    The distribution and abundance of linefish and secondary trawlfish from the Cape south coast of South Africa.
    S. Afr. J. mar. Sci. 11: 394-407.